1) A-pillar

Vertical roof support on either side of a car's windshield.


2) ABS (antilock braking system)

This braking system prevents the wheels from locking up and also allows the driver to retain steering capabilities during  emergency braking.


3) Air-conditioning/AC

Ensures quick cooling in the of cabin by way of chilled air flow and maintaining proper comfort by adjusting according to the suitable temperature.


4) Air Brakes

It is mostly used in heavy-duty trucks. These brakes are operated by using compressed air.


5) Alloy Wheels

These wheels are made up of alloys of  two or more metals. They are light in weight and also helps enhance the looks of your car.


6) All-Season Tyres

These tyres are used in regular cars, which help in providing traction in all seasons.


7) Anti-Roll Bar

It  is a part of the system and it helps to prevent the car from rolling over which helps in improving handling .


8) Air-Fuel ratio

Its is the ratio of air and fuel which helps in proper combustion of fuel in an internal combustion engine.


9) Aspect Ratio

It is the ratio between the width and sidewall (or height) of the tyre.


10) Automatic Transmission

This is a system that varies the power and torque to a drivetrain without the use of a foot-operated clutch.


11) Adaptive cruise control

It is a type of cruise control which is uses laser system and helps to slow down the vehicle automatically if there are any vehicle or obstacle ahead of it.


12) AWD—All Wheel Drive

It is a type of drive-train which powers all the four wheels of a vehicle.


13) B-pillar

Vertical metal roof  which supports the front and rear side windows.


14) Blind-spot

It is the area around the vehicle which is not visible in the side and rear view mirrors.


15) Body Style

It is the type of exterior shell such as sedan, coupe, hatchback, SUV, MUV, etc.


16) BHP—Brake Horse Power

It is a unit to measure the power produced by an engine. More horsepower  is directly equal to higher  top speeds.


17) Brake Booster

It is a system which helps to increase the braking force when the driver  steps on the brake pedal. Brake boosters can be  hydraulically or electrically operated.


18) Brake Caliper

It consists of  hydraulic piston assembly which holds and operates the  disc-brake pads.


19) Brake Pad

It is the part of the disk brake system which is hydraulically operated. It consists of friction lining and is suppressed on the Disk which helps bring the vehicle to a stand still.


20) Brake Pull

This phenomenon occurs when the vehicle pulls suddenly to the left or right as the brakes are applied.


21) Brake Rotor

It is a Shiny metal disk on which  brake pads squeeze to stop the vehicle.


22) Brake Shoe

It is a curved and replaceable piece of friction material which is used on drum brakes. When brakes are applied the  wheel cylinder pushes the brake shoes against the brake drum and helps braking.


23) Bucket Seats

Ity is an individual driver or passenger seats, which enclose an occupant by means of depth curvature and side lips. It is usually found in sport cars.


24) Bumper

It is the front or rear part of the car  which consists of a length of metal with spring or rubber backing.


25) C-pillar

It is a vertical metal roof supports the side edge of the rear windshield and the rear edge of the rear window.


26) Cabin

It is the  interior people-space within a car.


27) Cabriolet

It is a two-door small open car which has a hand- retractable roof. This roof is made up of either a cloth top or hardtop.


28) Camber

It is the inward or outward tilt of the wheels tyres. This adjustment done on the wheel affects how the vehicle holds the road and handles during cornering.


29) Carburetor

It is a device which helps to mix air and  fuel and also delivers this air fuel  mixture into the engine's combustion chambers.


30) Catalytic Converter

It is a component which is situated in the exhaust system. It converts the harmful combustion byproducts into carbon dioxide and water.


31) Center-Locking Differential

On slippery surfaces the Center-Locking Differential locks all the four wheels together, either automatically or manually depending on the system, for greater traction.


32) Central Locking System

This  system locks or unlocks all doors at one time.


33) Chassis

It is the part of the car which h0lds the engine, suspension system, the body and the sprung and unsprung mass of the vehicle.


34) Damper

It’s a device which is used to reduce vibration.


35) Daytime Running Lights (DRL)

These lights come on whenever the vehicle is turned on; they make the vehicle more visible to other drivers.


36) Dashboard

It is the section of the instrument panel that includes the controls for the sound system and climate-control system, particularly if the panel flows down the center of the vehicle and includes the automatic-transmission shifter.


37) Depreciation

It is the decrease in a vehicle's market value over time. This amount of yearly depreciation is affected by vehicle condition, resale-marketplace supply and demand.


38) Differential

It is a mechanical gearbox or fluid coupling that allows wheels to rotate at different speeds. It is usually located on an axle and the it operates as the outside wheels to turn faster than the inside wheels during cornering.


39) Diffuser

It is situated at the rear outlet and it helps in expelling engine noise.


40) Direct Injection System

It  is a fuel injector which sprays fuel in the combustion chamber.


41) Disc Brakes

It is also called as  brake rotors which  are attached to the wheel hub. When the brake pedal is depressed, the brake calipers squeeze the discs to slow the vehicle.


42) Displacement

It is the volume displaced by an engine's cylinders and is commonly expressed in litres.


43) Downforce

It is the force applied by air pressure to the surface of a car at high speed, by means of aerodynamic body details. This helps in  improving its traction, as airflow tries to lift the car.


44) Drum Brakes

A braking system that uses a metal drum. Brake shoes press against the drum to slow or stop the car.


45) DSG (Direct Shift Gearbox)

The DSG gearbox consists of two clutches which are mated to the engine.This system also uses a series of electric motors to activate the clutches and perform the gear shifts. This helps the gear shifting speed to be fast and smooth than the conventional gearboxes.


46) EBD (Electronic Brake Distribution)

It is a component used with ABS and is usually a brake assist mechanism for powerful cars.


47) Electronic Stabilization Program (ESP)

It  increases the vehicle control by reducing  the risk of skidding and helps to keep the vehicle on course.


48) Emergency Brake Assist

It is a braking technology which increases the braking pressure in case of an emergency. The system detects if the driver is trying to panic brake and if the brake is not fully applied, the system amplifies it until the brakes are fully applied. In case if the Emergency Brake Assist is coupled with the ABS unit, then the braking force is applied until the ABS kicks in to prevent the wheel from locking.


49) Engine Oil

It is a lubricant that reduces the friction, wear and tear in the internals of an engine. Engine oil also helps in keeping the engine cool by carrying the heat away from the moving parts.


50) Engine Auto Start-Stop

This  system shuts down the engine when it is idling for a brief period of time and starts the engine again when the clutch is pressed or when the brake is released.


51) Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR)

It is the part of the emissions system and it recirculates exhaust gases into the intake manifold. This  helps in cooling the combustion chamber.


52) Engine

The basic job of an engine is to burn fuel and convert this heat energy to mechanical energy and produces power to run vehicle.This take place in four cycles are Intake, Compression, Power, Exhaust.


53) Factory Installed

Any part or accessory that is installed by the manufacturer when the car is made in the factory is called “Factory Installed”.


54) Fender

It is a body panel that lies at the either side of the bonnet, between the front bumper and front-most door edge, encompassing the wheel space in-between.


55) Firewall

It is a metal panel that separates the engine compartment from the passenger compartment and helps in insulating the passenger compartment from sound and heat.


56) Four-Wheel Drive (4WD)

The power is transmitted and distributed to both the front and rear axles which drives all the four wheels.


57) Fog Lights

They are usually mounted at the lower of a car's bumper. These lamps cut through the fog and help illuminating the road better on foggy days.


58) Front Wheel Drive

The vehicles which powers the front wheels by the engine/transmission, and the rear wheels just follow along.


59) Fuel Injection System

Injects fuel into the engine's cylinders with electronic control to time and meter the fuel flow.


60) Gasket

A thin, expanding material used to seal the gaps and imperfections between hard, adjoining surfaces.


61) Gear Ratio

The ratio of teeth counts between meshing gears.


62) Gearbox

A metallic enclosure containing several gears, each one affecting the effort in which the car moves. Overall control maybe manual via the gear stick, automatic, or semi via a hand paddle.


63) Grille

It is an opening in the front of the vehicle that allows air to reach the radiator.


64) Ground Clearance

The distance between the ground and the lowest point of the vehicle chassis.


65) Hardtop

A car designed to resemble a convertible in looks and feel but without a removable top.



The ease of vehicle steering and maneuverability around turns, up hills, etc.


67) Hatchback

It one type of body style of the car which doesn't have an extended boot space like the ones available in th sedans.


68) Headroom

It  is the distance between the surface of the seat and the roof surface in the interior of a vehicle.


69)  Heads Up Display (HUD)

This display is projected from the dashboard onto the windshield of a vehicle. This display is in the driver's line of sight and helps in giving him or her the information such as speed, rpm, fuel level, etc.


70) Hill Hold Control

It is a feature which holds the brake after the brakes are released which help in pick up of the car when it is an inclination.


71) HVAC

HVAC stands for Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning, this  term used is the  description for the technology used to control the environment inside of the car.


72)  Hybrid Vehicle

This type of vehicle which uses two power sources, in most of the cases it consists a combination of internal combustion engine with an electric motor.


73) Idle Speed

It is the speed of the engine when the vehicle is in neutral.


74) Ignition Timing

It  is the timing at which the spark plugs produce a spark which help to ignite the air fuel mixture  inside the engine cylinder.


75) Ignition Coil

It  is a transformer that steps up the voltage of the battery to thousands of volts so as to initiate the production of spark from the spark plug for combustion.


76) Ignition System

This system is responsible for generating and distributing the electrical spark needed to ignite fuel in the cylinders and for altering the frequency (timing) of that spark in relation to changes in engine speed.


77) Integrated turn signal

It is a feature where the turn signal lights are mounted on the rear view mirrors.


78) Intake manifold

It is a piping system which feeds in fuel air mixture to the engine cylinders.


79) Injectors

It is device which helps to inject fuel at high pressure into the combustion chamber.

80) Immobiliser

An electronic safety feature that prevents a car from being illegally driven away.


81) Jump start

It is a technique to start a vehicle by connecting the car’s battery terminals using jumper cables to another car’s battery terminals.


82) Jack

It is a device used for lifting cars at the specific points of a vehicle designed for jacking.


83) Keyless entry

It is a feature in a vehicle which allows a person to enter the vehicle without using a key but by using an electronic remote key.


84) Kerb weight

It is the total weight of a vehicle containing 90% fuel and all other fluids such as engine oil, gear oil, coolant, etc.


85) Knee room

It is the space available for a person’s legs when a passenger sits in the rear seat.


86)  Ladder frame chassis

It is a type of chassis in which there are two longitudinal beams which run along the length of the vehicle and there are  number of transverse support structures connecting to these two parallel beams.


87) Launch Control

It  is a feature offered in performance cars to help reduce the wheel spin and  it helps to gain as much traction as possible when the vehicle accelerates from standstill.


88) Leaf Spring

It a type of suspension system which is mostly used in heavy duty trucks and in some SUV’S and MUV’S. It is a long, flat, thin, flexible piece of spring steel.


88) Limited Slip Differential

This type of  differential unit allows the wheels to spin at different speeds. It also helps in reducing wheel spin by diverting the power to the other wheel which consists of less traction.


89) Manual Transmission

In this type of transmission the gears have to be changed manually by using a gear stick and a clutch pedal.


90) Master Cylinder

It is used in the braking system, it supports a reservoir for holding brake fluid and is activated each time when the driver depresses the brake pedal.


91) Manifold

It is a piping system which is responsible to send the air-fuel mixture to the engine and it also helps to takes out the exhaust gasses from the engine.


92) Navigation System

This is an electronic device which sends and receives signals to the satellites and helps in showing us the exact location of the vehicle and the correct path to which we can reach our destination.


93) NCAP

It stands for New Car Assessment Programme and is a safety assessment programme in which  the vehicles are crash tested. This helps to know whether the car can protect the occupants from a collision. These results are rated out of five stars.


94) Neutral

It’s the gear in which no power is transferred and the engine runs on idle.


95) Nm (Newton Meter)

It is the unit to measure the torque produced by the engine.


96)  Octane Rating

This rating is used to distinguish the performance or quality of the fuel. If the octane rating is high it can withstand higher compression ratios.


97) Odometer

Indicates the number of miles a vehicle has been driven, an is also called a Mileometer.


98) Off-Roader

It is the vehicle which can move on rough terrain and usually has higher ground clearance and increased torque.


99) Oversteer

This phenomenon occurs when the rear wheels lose traction during cornering which leads to skidding and can cause major accidents.


100) Oxygen Sensor

This sensor measures the quantity of oxygen in the exhaust gas and sends it to the ECU. with this information from the oxygen sensor the ECU sets the air fuel mixture.


101) Optional Equipment

The equipments or features which will be added into the vehicle if only opted and paid extra for it to the manufacturer.


102) Paddle Shift:

It is a type of semi automatic transmission which is used to shift gears and is located on the steering wheels.


103)  Pre Delivery Inspection (PDI):

This is step by step quality inspection of a new vehicle which is done before the car is delivered to the owner. This inspection is done by the dealer, but we also recommend the buyers to also do this inspection before taking delivery of the vehicle.


104) Power Steering

It is a steering system which uses a separate motor or engine power that helps to reduce the human effort to turn the front wheels.


105) Power-to-Weight Ratio

It is the maximum power output of the vehicle per unit mass.


106) Projector Headlights

This a type of headlight that uses a spherical reflector to control the light beam.


107) PSI

It is the unit to measure tyre pressure in vehicles.



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