What is Advanced Driver Assistance System - Self-Driving Car
What is Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS). Evolution of Self-Driving Cars - All You Need to Know
The Automotive industry is now getting ready with their connected and smart autonomous technology that delivers a safer and more comfortable driving experience by adding Advanced Driver Assistance Systems or shortly known as ADAS for Cars.
Vehicle safety is one of the main fields in which vehicle manufacturers are spending heavily. Over the years, automobile firms have developed a range of innovations that can help avoid traffic accidents.
What is a Driver Assistance System and its Benefits?
ADAS uses sensors such as radar and cameras in the car to monitor the surrounding and then shares the information to warn the driver or takes automatic action to enable a higher level of driving comfort and crash avoidance. Advanced Driver Assistance Systems consists of components like Sensors, Processors, Actuators along with Software and Algorithms.
The car manufacturers are starting to add ADAS features in their vehicles. Autonomous cars are categorized into 6 different levels, from 0 (Manual) up to 5 (Fully Autonomous), depending on their self-driving capabilities:
Level 0 – No Automation
Level 1 – Driver assistance with driver responsible for driving the vehicle. Assistance include either steering or braking/accelerating done automatically by the car, but not both simultaneously.
Level 2 – Partial Operation Automation where vehicle can control both steering and braking/accelerating simultaneously using information about the driving environment under certain conditions. The driver must be able to take control of the vehicle. Tesla’s Autopilot system qualify as Level 2.
Level 3 – Conditional Automation. Multiple autonomous features can fully control the car and are able to handle some emergency situations. You are allowed to turn your attention away from the road but might be needed in emergencies.
Level 4 – High Automation with vehicle operating in self-driving mode within controlled environment.
Level 5 – Fully Autonomous Driverless Cars (Driver Optional)
Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) are not only useful for private car owners, but they are also useful for commercial vehicles such as trucking fleets, taxicab fleets.
Looking to Buy a New Car? Top 5 ADAS Features to Look for in a New Car from 2022
1. Adaptive Cruise Control System
Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) helps the drivers to maintain an ideal distance between vehicles and allows vehicles to change their speed automatically while approaching other vehicles. The system automatically accelerates and decelerates the vehicle.
2. Lane Departure Warning Systems
Lane Departure Warning system help drivers keep their cars in their lane. The system alerts the driver by producing an audio-visual warning as the vehicle begins to deviate from its lane without an appropriate turn signal and help to prevent road accidents.
3. Automatic Emergency Braking (AEB)
At times, human beings are slow to react in case of an emergency braking to avoid collision. Automatic Emergency Braking system detects an imminent collision and intervenes by automatically applying the brakes to avoid crash.
4. Traffic Sign Recognition System
Traffic sign recognition (TSR) system identify the road sign and traffic signals and informs the driver via the infotainment system inside the car. This helps the driver to follow the traffic rules and reduces the chance of an accidents.
5. Night Vision and Pedestrian Detect
Pedestrian detection systems with night vision capture the thermal radiation from the front of the car using infrared sensors and thermal cameras. They help to differentiate living beings from objects, trees and road signs while driving at night and help to prevent pedestrian-related accidents at night.
ADAS came into light back in the month of November,2020 when Morris Garages India, abbreviated as MG Motors India, launched their big, brawny SUV, i.e., the MG Gloster, which indeed is loaded with ADAS tech. In future, Mahindra and Mahindra is working to integrate ADAS tech into their upcoming all new 2021 XUV700 expected to launch in September. Other than that, OEMs are collaborating with tech giants like Bosch, Continental & WABCO to integrate ADAS technology in their upcoming cars. At present, luxury car brands like Mercedes, BMW and Volvo in India offer advanced driver safety systems. But we can expect premium cars priced between 25 to 50 Lakhs being launched from next year in India to start having advanced driver assistance systems.
Let us check out the Top 10 New Cars under Rs 50 lakhs in India expected to have ADAS Technology.
1. MG Hector Plus – Level 1 ADAS
2. MG Gloster – Level 1 ADAS
3. Mahindra XUV 700 (Upcoming) – Level 1 ADAS
4. Jeep Grand Commander / Meridian (Upcoming 7-Seater Compass)
5. Honda N7X 7-Seater SUV (Upcoming)
6. Tesla Model 3 (Upcoming)
7. New Gen 2022 Hyundai Tucson (Upcoming)
8. New Gen 2022 New Hyundai Kona (Upcoming)
9. New Gen 2023 Kia Carnival (Upcoming)
10. New Gen 2023 Toyota Fortuner (Upcoming)
During the 2018 SIAM conference, the Indian Union Minister for Road and Highway Transport mentioned that they are drafting a new policy related to ADAS to be implemented in India from 2022 onwards. Due to the on-going pandemic, we expect the introduction of new ADAS policy to be delayed to 2023-2024. All-in-all, the driving will be safer in future with an increase in car safety features and driver assistance with the use of ADAS technology.
Full List of Comfort and Safety Advanced Driver Assistance Systems
- Adaptive cruise control
- Glare free high beam and pixel light
- Anti-lock braking system
- Automatic parking
- Automotive navigation system
- Automotive night vision
- Blind spot detection system
- Collision avoidance system
- Crosswind stabilization
- Intelligent speed adaptation
- Lane centering
- Lane departure warning system
- Lane change assistance system
- Surround view system
- Tire pressure monitoring
- Driver drowsiness detection
- Driver monitoring system
- Electric vehicle warning sounds
- Emergency driver assistance
- Forward collision warning
- Intersection assistant
- Hill descent control
- Wrong way driving warning
- Vehicular communication system
- Traffic sign recognition
- Pedestrian protection system
- Turning assistant
Image source - synopsys.com, tech.hyundaimotorgroup.com
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