Car Safety Systems: Active Safety vs Passive Safety Features
Active Safety Features Vs Passive Safety Features – What Is the Difference and How do they Protect you while Driving a Car?
Car safety is an important factor when buying a car thanks to the awareness in safety increased thanks to GNCAP ratings. Now in terms of safety, there are two kinds of safety features- Active and Passive safety features.
Difference Between Active and Passive Safety Features
Simply put Passive safety means it is there to react and activate when there is a crash. It is the safety feature for when a crash happens. They are there to reduce the effects and consequences of an accident. They monitor the vehicle’s status and when everything is fine, these systems remain inactive.
Active safety features are there to reduce the chances of you having an accident in the first place. They are electronic system and stay activated in order to prevent accidents before they can even occur. Advanced safety technology use drive assist systems like radar and cameras to monitor the vehicle surroundings at all times.
Thus here we explain some Active and Passive safety systems.
List of Active Car Safety Features - How Do They Work?
ABS with EBD
ABS is one of the most important features and helps you stop your brakes locking up when you have hit on them to avoid a potential accident. They stop from the brakes being locked and also help in areas where there is less traction like wet surfaces and more. ABS also helps you steer your car carefully to avoid hitting a car. EBD is part of that as it is there to check the load of pressure on each wheel. It is standard on all cars.
Electronic Stability Control (ESC)
It is there to help your car to stop skidding on a wet surface and also help your car get stability. When the car loses grip and traction, the ESC helps in applying brakes.
Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB)
It is a step up in safety as it steps in to prevent a collision and avoid an accident. It automatically applies the brakes to save the car in-case the driver does not do it in time.
Lane Departure Warning (LDW)
It is another feature that alerts the driver if they get out of a lane without using the indicators.
Night Vision System (NVS)
It helps in driving a car through low light conditions and in bad weather at night. It provides a more clear view that is above what the headlights manage.
Blind Spot Detection (BSD)
Cars have blind spots where the driver cannot see so to inform the driver that a car or two-wheeler is there in the blindspot the system warns.
Tyre Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS)
It monitors the tyre pressure and keeps a check on the pressures plus informing the driver if there is a loss in pressure in any of the tyres.
Road Sign Recognition (RSR)
There is a system which detects road signs to avoid accidents plus it shows the speed limits and more.
List of Passive Car Safety Features - How Do They Work?
The most important feature and it is now compulsory to wear them when driving and also when sitting as a passenger at the back or front of the car. Seatbelts have pre tensioners and load limiters which help the occupant reduce injury in case of an accident. It absorbs the pressure in case of an accident without letting the occupant getting hurt.
This is a very important feature and is standard in all cars. It quickly inflates and deflates during an accident and helps the occupant in not getting an injury. There are side and curtain airbags too along with front and rear.
This is an area of the car which is designed to absorb the impact and not affect the passenger cabin and lightweight plastics are used in front of the car.
Occupant Sensing System (OSS)
This system senses the occupants along with their seating position and presence thus changes the airbag inflation plus deflation accordingly.
Whiplash Protection (WLP)
It helps you protect the neck and prevents whiplash to avoid neck injuries.
Pedestrian Safety Systems (PSS)
It helps in letting no pedestrians get hut in case of a collision as it quickly sees and reacts to save the pedestrian.
Head-Up Display (HUD)
A HUD is a display that comes on the windscreen of the driver and it shows all the info and coming in the way of the driver hence the driver does have to look down.
Child Safety Systems (CSS)
A child safety seat helps in protecting your child and also increasing safety.
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